In fact, all the Brazilian cities can be considered unusual and beautiful, Brazil itself is very beautiful and unusual for Europeans ...
But the ancient cities, which have preserved a distinctive and characteristic architectural style for the past epochs, are few. Most Brazilian cities are dominated by the familiar modern style. We will tell in this article about four Brazilian cities, where an original architectural culture was preserved.
The city is located on the Atlantic coast of Brazil. The country from 1500 to 1822 was a Portuguese colony, Olinda is one of the first cities founded by Portuguese colonizers on Brazilian soil. Here, the Portuguese colonial style, quite rare in the world architecture, is preserved. This style is characterized by a combination of bright colors, an abundance of stucco and other decor. To the colonial style, many buildings were built in Olinda, Catholic churches. Museums, and there are six of them in Olinda, including a very interesting Puppet Museum, also located in ancient mansions.
Numerous public gardens and parks create in this quiet town a unique atmosphere of romanticism. And the ancient fort of St. Francis, on the contrary, looks warlike and impregnable. The urban development of Olinda in 1982 was included by UNESCO in the number of objects of world cultural heritage.
The city of Blumenau was founded in 1850 by immigrants from Germany. This circumstance left an imprint on its architectural appearance. In this city with a German name (the founder is the German doctor Hermann Bruno Otto Blumenau), the buildings of modern construction are side by side with small pointed mansions, drawn by straight lines of half-timbered structures, with turrets and spiers. This style is typical for German cities and looks quite unexpected in the Brazilian subtropics. But Oktoberferst, a traditional German beer festival, against the backdrop of typical German architecture looks very organic and collects up to 700,000 tourists annually.
This town on the Atlantic coast was founded by the Portuguese in 1630 on the site of an Indian settlement. It is considered the smallest Brazilian city, in which the colonial architectural style has been preserved. The influence of this style is noticeable not only in the architecture of the three city churches, the oldest of which is the temple of the Igreja de Santa Rita, was built in 1722, but even in modest houses under tiled roofs on narrow city streets. These houses were built in those days when Portugal actively extracted and exported from Brazil gold.
Many tourists come to Paraty only to plunge into these ancient streets in the atmosphere of this port-based Latin American town of the XVII century, which contains a lot of mysteries very dangerous in the era of pirates and goldfish corsairs.
This city in the east of Brazil is one of the few in Latin America where the baroque architecture has survived. The mountainous relief of Ouro Preto gives the buildings in this pretentious old European style an additional flavor and picturesqueness. The ancient buildings are centered around the square of Tiradentes and the monument to the national hero of Brazil, Joaquin José da Silva Xavier. This is the town hall, the building of the former city court and the governor's house, in both now - museums. The remaining buildings in the Baroque style are located on the radially diverging streets from the square.
The only modern building in the historic center of Ouro Preto is the hotel of the same name, built according to the design of the world-famous Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer. Architectural monuments of Ouro Preto are patronized by UNESCO as part of the world cultural heritage.