What is the "Broken Stones"? Where were the largest terms in the Roman Empire? In what museum is the oldest of gold in the world? Varna will tell.
Origin of the name. Miletus Greeks who founded the city in 580-560 BC called it Odessos ("city on the water"), in honor of which two thousand years later will be called the city of Odessa. As for modern name, there are a lot of versions: some suggest that the name origins from the Slavic "voronoy" (black), according to others from the word "var" (lime). However, in ancient times so was called the river near the settlement of Odessos. Moreover, during 20 years the city bore the named Stalin.
History. In the stone and copper age there were several archaeological cultures in Varna, including those which received the same name, Varna culture of the Copper Age. Odessos was one of the largest ports in the Black Sea. In the III century BC the city fell into dependence of Macedonia, and later the Roman Empire. Nevertheless, trade and crafts are still developing favorably. The remains of Roman baths II century is still exist. Christianity in Varna began to spread early. According to the legend the bishop's cathedra in Odissopolys (another name of the city) had the bishop Amplias, which was the disciple of St. Paul the Apostle.
In 681 the city was revived by the great Bulgarian Khan Asparuh. By this time dated the first mention and recognition in the Byzantine chronicles of the name Varna. In the realm of Old Bulgaria Varna was an important center of Christianity and commerce, had relations with Constantinople, Dubrovnik, Venice and Genoa.
In 1391 Varna was conquered by the Ottoman army, and only on July 28, 1878 it was finally freed by Russian troops.
Varna necropolis was discovered accidentally when laying cable in the industrial area. Further excavations amazed archaeologists. More than 3000 items were found in a virgin burial. The findings were dated to the last V century BC. These findings are highly competitive to Egyptian ones.
Another unexplained and mysterious phenomenon is located 18 km away from Varna and covers an area of 7 km ?. The fanciful formed columns of 10 m height and a width of 3 m suggested of limestone origin hollow or filled with sand. Such formation is unique in the world and scientists still have not reached a consensus regarding its origin. Proponents of organic theory say that its a coral reefs and the plain is the ocean bottom, which was here 50 million years ago. From 1938 the Reserve is under the patronage of UNESCO.