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The Black Sea


Origin of the name.
The sea was called Euxine Sea by Greek colonists that means “hospitable”. In Old Russian chronicles it was called “Russian Sea” in other sources “Scythian”. Under the well-known hypothesis the sea got the name “black” because of the fact that during the storm the color of it becomes leady. There is also a Turkish legend which says that in the waters of the sea the hero’s sword rests, capable to wipe out the humanity. It was thrown into the water by desire of the dying magician Ali so that it couldn’t hurt people. The sea is often opposed to that, not wishing to store in its depth deadly weapon and its waters are colored black.


History and Phenomena. As one of the sayings goes, 7,500 years ago the Black Sea was the deepest sweet lake on earth, and its water level was one hundred odd meters lower than the current one.   On the morrow of the Ice Age the water level of the World Ocean raised and the Bosphorus isthmus was broken.  Inundation of the vast land might have become the prototype of the Flood myth.


An interesting phenomenon is observed in August, when phosphorescent plankton noctiluca or Sea Sparkle is activated, and then swimming in the night becomes an unforgettable experience.

 

On August  1, 2010 at the bottom of the Black Sea the only underwater river in the world was discovered by the scientists from the Leeds University; it is about 6,000 years old.


The Black Sea is of great economic importance from the angle of cargo shipping. During the Soviet times the Black Sea was a popular and favorite cruise destination, the revival of which is the mission of our project.

 

Length – 1,150 km. Breadth – 580 km. Surface area – 422,000 km?. The length of the water front – 3,400 km. The longest north-south extent — 580 km. The max depth – 2,210 mtr. Average depth – 1,240 mtr. The Black Sea lies between Bulgaria, Georgia, Russia, Romania, Turkey and Ukraine. It is an inland sea of the Atlantic Ocean basin. It is connected with the Sea of Marmara via the Bosphorus strait, and via the Dardanelles with Aegean and Mediterranean Seas. The Black Sea also connects to the Sea of Azov by the Strait of Kerch. The Crimean Peninsula projects into the Black Sea from the north. The water boundary between Europe and Asia Minor passes over the Black Sea.  Such significant rivers as the Danube, the Dnieper and the Dniester, as well as the smaller Mzymta, Psou, Bzyb, Rioni, Kodori, Inguri flows into the sea in the east, Chorokh, Kizilirmak, Yesilirmak, Sakarya in the south, the Southern Buh in the north.   The climate of the Black Sea is primarily continental. The Black Sea coast of the Caucasus and the southern coast of the Crimea are protected with the mountains from the cold northern winds and that is why have mild Mediterranean climate, and to the south-east from Tuapse – humid temperate climate. The Black Sea is as a rule ice-free. Water temperature is usually not lower +8 °C.


There are 17 cruise ports, unique and inimitable, with one unifying feature – extraordinary kindness and hospitality of the people known throughout the world which you will see for yourself soon.